What is the main cause of whooping cough?
Pertussis, a respiratory illness commonly known as whooping cough, is a very contagious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. These bacteria attach to the cilia (tiny, hair-like extensions) that line part of the upper respiratory system.
What are the 3 stages of whooping cough?
This disease has 3 stages: catarrhal, paroxysmal, and convalescent. The symptoms of the catarrhal stage are mild and may go unnoticed. The paroxysmal stage of Pertussis is characterized by episodes of coughing with a distinctive “whooping” sound when breathing in (inspiration).
Can you get whooping cough if you are vaccinated?
Can people who have been vaccinated still get whooping cough? Sometimes when vaccinated people are exposed, they get whooping cough anyway, although they usually have milder symptoms, a shorter illness, and may be less likely to spread the disease to others.
What is the chance of getting whooping cough?
How easy is it to catch whooping cough? Whooping cough is very easy to catch. If a person in your household has it and you did not get the vaccine, you have up to a 90% chance of catching it.
Does whooping cough go away on its own?
Pertussis bacteria die off naturally after three weeks of coughing. If antibiotics are not started within that time, they are no longer recommended. Antibiotics can also be given to close contacts of persons with pertussis to prevent or lessen the symptoms.
What happens if whooping cough is not treated?
Complications of whooping cough are more common in infants and young children. They may include pneumonia, middle ear infection, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, fainting, dehydration, seizures, altered brain function (encephalopathy), brief periods when breathing stops and death.
Does whooping cough damage your lungs?
Post-lung infection. Childhood (and sometimes adult) lung infections such as tuberculosis, measles, whooping cough and pneumonia can leave behind areas of damaged lung with bronchiectasis. Immune defects.
What is the difference between a cold and whooping cough?
Parents have good reason for concern: Colds and pertussis begin with similar symptoms, so it’s hard to tell the difference at first. But whooping cough is a highly contagious disease that gets worse after a few weeks, while common colds improve. People develop uncontrollable coughing fits that make it hard to breathe.
What illness mimics whooping cough?
Beware: there are other diseases that can mimic pertussis:
Adenoviruses, parainfluenza and influenza viruses, enteroviruses, and respiratory syncytial virus can cause a predominantly cough illness.
Do grandparents need whooping cough booster?
Nancy Messonnier, Director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “That’s why it’s important that parents, grandparents, and other family members get a Tdap shot to prevent getting—and spreading—whooping cough.”
How long does a whooping cough shot last?
There is a decrease in effectiveness in each following year. About 3 or 4 out of 10 people are fully protected 4 years after getting Tdap. Keeping up to date with recommended pertussis vaccines is the best way to protect you and your loved ones.
How do you know if you have whooping cough in adults?
In general, whooping cough starts off like a common cold. Symptoms can include runny nose, low-grade fever, tiredness, and a mild or occasional cough. Over time, coughing spells become more severe. Coughing may last for several weeks, sometimes 10 weeks or longer.
Is whooping cough going around 2020?
Elevated case counts in early 2020 may be due to a change in the case denition for pertussis; please see the last page for more information. No outbreak-associated cases have been identied in 2021. For most pertussis cases, exposure to other known cases is not identied and are not able to be linked to outbreaks.
Who is most at risk of whooping cough?
Whooping cough can affect people at any age, but those at high risk of catching the disease include: babies less than six months old who are not yet old enough to be fully vaccinated. people living in the same household as someone with whooping cough.
Where is whooping cough most common?
While Bordetella pertussis circulates worldwide, disease rates are highest among young children in countries where vaccination coverage is low, primarily in the developing world. In developed countries, the incidence of pertussis is highest among unvaccinated babies and increases again among teens.