How TB is caused?
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick.
Is it safe to be around someone with TB?
It is important to know that a person who is exposed to TB bacteria is not able to spread the bacteria to other people right away. Only persons with active TB disease can spread TB bacteria to others. Before you would be able to spread TB to others, you would have to breathe in TB bacteria and become infected.
Can you get TB from kissing?
You cannot get TB germs from:
Saliva shared from kissing. TB is NOT spread through shaking someone’s hand, sharing food, touching bed linens or toilet seats, or sharing toothbrushes.
Who is at high risk for TB infection?
Persons who have been Recently Infected with TB Bacteria
Persons who have immigrated from areas of the world with high rates of TB. Children less than 5 years of age who have a positive TB test. Groups with high rates of TB transmission, such as homeless persons, injection drug users, and persons with HIV infection.
What is the fastest way to cure TB?
The usual treatment is:
- 2 antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin) for 6 months.
- 2 additional antibiotics (pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for the first 2 months of the 6-month treatment period.
How long does TB last?
TB bacteria die very slowly. It takes at least 6 months for the medicines to kill all the TB bacteria. You will probably start feeling well after only a few weeks of treatment.
Can I marry a girl with TB?
For example, if, due to TB and its lengthy treatment, a woman’s marriage to her cousin does not go ahead, then it is not her last opportunity to marry if she has many other as yet unmarried cousins to marry once she is in good health again.
Can you survive TB without treatment?
What is TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment.
What happens if you test positive for tuberculosis?
A positive TB test result means only that TB bacteria has been detected. It does not indicate whether the person has active TB or a latent infection. This requires additional testing. TB disease can be diagnosed by medical history, physical examination, chest X-ray, and other lab tests.
Can TB transmitted sexually?
TB is not spread through sexual intercourse or kissing or other touch. TB bacteria are spread through the air from one person to another. When a person who has TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings, TB bacteria are spread in the air.
Does Tuberculosis stay in your system forever?
Many people who have latent TB infection never develop TB disease. In these people, the TB bacteria remain inactive for a lifetime without causing disease. But in other people, especially people who have weak immune systems, the bacteria become active, multiply, and cause TB disease.
Where is TB most common?
Worldwide, TB is most common in Africa, the West Pacific, and Eastern Europe. These regions are plagued with factors that contribute to the spread of TB, including the presence of limited resources, HIV infection, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB.
What are the stages of tuberculosis?
There are 3 stages of TB—exposure, latent, and active disease. A TB skin test or a TB blood test can diagnose the disease. Treatment exactly as recommended is necessary to cure the disease and prevent its spread to other people.
How can Tuberculosis be avoided?
Stop the Spread of TB
- Take all of your medicines as they’re prescribed, until your doctor takes you off them.
- Keep all your doctor appointments.
- Always cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- Don’t visit other people and don’t invite them to visit you.
What age group is most affected by tuberculosis?
Historical data suggest that the risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is highest during adolescence and young adulthood, and that between the ages of 12 and 24 years there may also be a transient increase in the risk of progression to disease after infection compared with children or older adults [5, 6].